SPEME develops a joint program of exchanges between academic researchers-working on memory, trauma and heritage-and non-academic professionals-working in the fields of memory museums and sites of memory-between Italy, The Netherlands, Argentina and Colombia.
The project takes as its specific object of investigation a various array of spaces of memory, such as museums, former detention camps and sites of commemoration, to investigate how various traumatic pasts can be preserved and transmitted through space, and which kind of innovative actions might both improve knowledge of the past and serve as an opening to actual issues and new social subjects. The international and inter-sectorial network developed by the project makes possible transfers of knowledge, both between difficult past heritages in different historical and geographical contexts (Europe and Latin America) and between academic researchers and museum curators. The different and complementary competences of these institutions promote are aimed at fueling powerful knowledge exchanges at the theoretical, methodological and practical levels, which has few or no precedents in the field of memory and museum studies.
Through a rich combination of staff meetings, theoretical seminars, training workshops, fieldworks and conferences, SPEME project will increase competences and skills of both academic and non academic partners, as well as facilitate the development of innovative and creative actions involving new social actors (civil society, new generations, minority groups, refugees, and others) and addressing actual questions, from Human Rights to post-conflict reconciliation practices.
- University of Bologna – Dept. of Philosophy and Communication and Dept. of Architecture
Coordinator: Patrizia Violi
- Amsterdam School for Heritage, Memory and Material Culture (University of Amsterdam – UVA)
AHM is an interdisciplinary research school committed to the analysis of the remnants and narratives of the past in the present, as well as of the remaking of pasts into heritage, memory and material culture. The School fosters a dynamic, interdisciplinary and transnational approach across several fields, including heritage and memory studies, art and cultural studies, museum studies, conversation and restoration, archaeology, Holocaust and Genocide Studies, media and information studies, religious studies, book studies, literary studies, cultural history, European studies and digital heritage and humanities. AHM seeks to integrate all branches of research focusing on the material and intangible remains of the past, the reciprocal relations between objects and meanings, and the dynamics of memory, from diverse theoretical and methodological perspectives, concept-oriented, object-oriented and user-oriented approaches. The integrative, interdisciplinary and critical approach of problematising, conceptualising and analysing heritage and memory acts, and material culture practices, policies and politics on all levels in Europe and beyond is unique to AHM. Prof. Dr. Ihab Saloul will lead the UvA part of the SPEME project at the Amsterdam School for Heritage, Memory and Material Culture (AHM). The group of researchers belonging to the SPEME project include AHM senior scholars and PhD students.ahm.uva.nl
Coordinator: Ihab Saloul
- Universidad Nacional de Colombia (UNAL), Bogotà – Instituto de Estudios en Comunicación y Cultura
SPEME-Colombia and ONALME are the initiative of the Grupo Colombiano de Análisis del Discurso, and of some students of the Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Their objective is to identify in the media narratives, the processes and practices of memory activation in the post-conflict framework and its impact on peace-building. The analysis of media narratives that represent the conflict and the post-conflict situation, allows us to understand how events of the past are represented and constructed; to whom voice is given directly and indirectly, and what are the effects that derive from mass mediated discourses in the lives of citizens. In addition, it will promote the construction of memories as a condition for peace in Colombia. The ritualization of memories, silence and forgetfulness create spaces to reflect on multiple interpretations of a painful past, therefore, we question how the past is symbolically constructed in the present and what the contributions towards the future of a culture of peace are. We also ask ourselves how to contribute to the construction of memories, through the analysis of media narratives and the critical look of violence.ieco.bogota.unal.edu.co
Coordinator: Neyla Pardo
- Instituto Interdisciplinario de Estudios de Género – Facultad de Filosofía y Letras – UBA (Universidad de Buenos Aires)
The University of Buenos Aires is a Beneficiary Institution of SPEME Program with residence in the Interdisciplinary Institute of Gender Studies (IIEGE-UBA). The research team is coordinated by Lizel Tornay. Their members are: Victoria Álvarez (postdoctoral researcher), Fabricio Laino (Phd student), Javiera Robles Recabarren (Phd student) and Mariana Paganini (Master student). Lizel Tornay and Victoria Álvarez direct the Program FILO:CyT Violations of human rights in Argentina’s recent past: memories of women (1976-present).genero.institutos.filo.uba.ar
The research of the team is mainly focussed on the traumatic past in Argentina and the Southern Cone, with particular attention to: the hierarchical gender relations in detention centres, the building of social listening frameworks, the analysis of different stages of research and restitution of kidnapped children; the intergenerational transmission of memories in former clandestine detention centres; and issues concerning gender and political militancy during dictatorial governments.
Coordinator: Lizel Tornay
- Castrum Peregrini, Amsterdam
Castrum Peregrini is a cultural centre in a 17th century building in the historic canal district of Amsterdam, where a small war time community had survived Nazi persecution.castrumperegrini.org
Gisèle van Waterschoot van der Gracht, an Austrian/Dutch stained glass windows artist and painter had offered her apartment to a small group of Jewish youngsters around the exiled German poet and radio journalist Wolfgang Frommel that were hiding from persecution in the Nazi occupied Netherlands. Her apartment at the Herengracht offered a shelter from 1942 until the liberation in 1945. After the war the group stayed together, Gisèle, through her work as an artist could earn the living for the group and also buy the building in 1957. Recently historic research has shown that there was also sexual abuse in the circle around Wolfgang Frommel. It is a complex history and makes the house a place were lives have been saved and lives have been damaged. 1st and 2nd generation survivors sublimated traumatic experiences by maintaining and expanding a community life built around poetry and art. Their traces are tangible all throughout the historic site.
Castrum Peregrini is thus a unique space of memory, combining a rich and multi-layered past with pressing social issues of today. Castrum Peregrini has an unequivocal belief in a society where nobody is excluded and that embraces diversity and equality as conditions for progress. Firmly rooted in Amsterdam its outlook is international.
Castrum Peregrini participate to the Speme project offering its expertise as a place of (artistic) research and encounter. It offers an environment for artists, thinkers, opinion leader and activists, to work in the context of the organisation and in exchange with its network and audience. The historic environment and the complex history of Castrum Peregrini form a laboratory for the researching artist and the interdisciplinary researcher. The public programme offers a moment of peer review for new ideas and participatory- or co-creation.
Coordinator: Lars Ebert
- Fossoli Camp Foundation
The Fossoli Camp Foundation was established in January 1996 by the Municipality of Carpi and by the Association Amici del Campo di Fossoli e del Museo Monumento al Deportato. The heritage of the Foundation includes also an important Museum dedicated to political and racial deportees, an archive and the old Synagogue of Carpi. Since its creation, the Fossoli Camp Foundation has been committed to enhance the historical and civil heritage of the Fossoli’s former concentration and transit camp, through the preservation of a complex memory space. The objectives of the non-profit Foundation are also the promotion of historical-documentary research on the Fossoli Camp in its various occupation phases; the planning and activation of initiatives of an educational and scientific nature, aimed in particular at schools and young people in the areas of specific competence to the Foundation, as well as human rights and intercultural education.www.fondazionefossoli.org
The Fossoli Camp Foundation with its director, Marzia Luppi, and with Francesca Schintu, is a member of SPEME. The main goal is to produce, through the conservation and enhancement of a complex memory space, different reflections not only about our past, but also about our contemporary society, using art and education as privileged tools.
Coordinator: Marzia Luppi
- Museo de la Memoria y de los Derechos Humanos (ex-ESMA)
The Museo Sitio de Memoria ESMA (Museum Site of Memory – ESMA) is a public institution of the Argentina State established in 2015 in the former Casino de Oficiales de la Escuela de Mecánica de la Armada (ESMA). The Casino worked as a clandestine detention, torture and extermination centre during the 1976-1983 dictatorship. Around 5000 men and women have been kept in these premises, the majority of which had been murdered in the later defined “vuelos de la morte” (death flights). Today it is an historical monument, an actual legal “evidence” of the Argentine state terrorism that is being used in the still ongoing trials for the human rights crimes committed during the dictatorship.Coordinator: Alejandra Naftal
The Museum’s main mission is to contribute to the knowledge and understanding of the violation of human rights committed by the State in order to prevent its repetition, and to foster an intra-generational dialogue in the present and for the future.
Amongst its main activities are the ever growing number of young visitors from middle schools; the organization of temporary exhibitions, workshops, lectures and round tables exploring different languages and intertwining traditional museology with artistic and communicative practices.
The Museum’s team participating to SPEME is coordinated by its executive director, the museologist Alejandra Naftal, and involves professionals and curators working on museum’s contents, educational and training programs, the legal aspects of the site, and the audiovisual and communicative strategies employed in the museum.
25-26 September 2019
- Voces y lugares de la Memoria. Caminos Hacia la Construcción de Paz
Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotà
16-17 September 2019
- Transición, posibles futuros y construcción de paz
Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotà
8 September - 8 October 2019
- Estancia de investigación Speme en Colombia. Lugares y procesos de memoria
Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotà
20-21 giugno 2019
- Museums, Architecture and the City Public Spaces and Spaces of Memory
Bologna, Centro Internazionale di Studi Umanistici "Umberto Eco"
7-8 giugno 2019
- Le memorie difficili e la didattica per gli/le adolescenti
Campo di transito di Fossoli (Carpi)
- BULLETTIN N. 1 – OCTOBER 2019
- Questioning Traumatic Heritage: Spaces of
Memory in Europe, Argentina, Colombia